Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the correction of abnormalities and irregularities with your mouth, teeth and bite. A person’s bite is said to be improper when the upper and lower teeth do not meet together properly upon closing the mouth. This is also known as a “malocclusion.” The most common cause of this is crowded or crooked teeth.
A malocclusion may be inherited or could occur over time. Acquired malocclusions can happen due to a variety of things, such as thumb-sucking as a child, premature tooth loss, disease, obstructive tissues such as your tonsils, or trauma. These can be effectively treated with the use of orthodontic appliances such as braces, which work to restore your dental features like the teeth, lips and jaw to an appropriate balance.
You may be an ideal candidate for orthodontic treatment of you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Problems with properly chewing and speaking
- Teeth that do not make proper contact on one side of your mouth
- Erupting teeth that don’t come in straight
- A tooth that frequently cuts the roof your mouth or frequently bites the inside of your cheek
Orthodontic treatment can help people of all ages and is ideal to reposition teeth that are otherwise healthy and free from gum problems. Listed below are a few advantages of orthodontic treatment:
- It helps in creating more space for permanent teeth to erupt in a crowded mouth.
- Permanent teeth can be gradually guided into proper position and alignment.
- Helps in minimizing potential damage to the jaw joints.
- Minimizes the chances of chipping and cracking of teeth caused due to bad bites.
- Fixes difficulties in speaking and eating.
- Restores the facial balance by correcting jaw growth, width of the dental arch and enabling proper lip closure.
For more information, please schedule a consultation at our office by calling us at (281)394-9988.
Retainers are the final phase of orthodontic therapy and are required to make sure that your newly positioned teeth do not shift back into their old places after your braces have been taken off.
The retention phase of orthodontic therapy is important because your teeth tend to move again after your braces are removed. Grinding, extractions, existing wisdom teeth, and a number of other reasons may cause your teeth to shift out of alignment again. The use of retainers is the best way to make sure that the beautiful smile you and your dentist have achieved together after months of hard work stays in place.
There are three types of retainers available:
This is one of the most commonly used types of retainer. It is made using a combination of plastic, molded wires, and clasps. The portion of the retainer designed for the upper jaw is molded to the roof of the mouth, and the part for the lower jaw attaches to the back of the lower teeth. Hawley retainers are removable and can be tried on at our office before wearing, and any adjustments can be easily made to make sure they are comfortable. You can care for your retainer by brushing it regularly and storing in a hard case to prevent breakage or wear.
As the name suggests, these are made using flexible, clear plastic by taking an impression of your teeth. They fit like Invisalign braces. They can be removed for cleaning and are a good option for those who wish to conduct retention therapy in an invisible way. However, they are more susceptible to wear and tear than other types of retainers.
These are permanently bonded permanently on the backside of the teeth in the lower and upper jaw. Since they cannot be removed, we will provide detailed instructions on how you can care for them and maintain them.
For more information about orthodontic retainers, please call our office at (281)394-9988.