Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums. The early stage of this infection is known as gingivitis, and is caused due to long-term exposure of the gums to plaque, a colorless, sticky coating that forms over the teeth after sleeping and eating. Gum disease is one of the major causes of tooth loss in adults. However, this condition can be treated when detected in time, and the mouth can be restored to a healthy state.
Early signs of gum disease include pain or tenderness in the gums, bleeding while brushing, and chronic bad breath. Untreated gingivitis can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth, creating spaces known as periodontal pockets. These pockets become home to bacteria, which can worsen the infection. When the infection progresses to a more advanced stage, it can cause bone and tooth loss.
Here at Just Dental, we provide scaling and root planing, which is a highly effective non-surgical procedure that can be used to treat gingivitis. The procedure begins with the use of local anesthesia to numb the tooth roots. Sedation may be used for patients suffering from dental anxiety. After this, the gum line is cleaned using dental instruments to clean away tartar. This encourages the gums to reattach to the tooth. The root planing procedure involves smoothening the tooth root surfaces to prevent tartar and bacteria from manifesting there.
It is highly important for patients who have undergone scaling and root planing treatment to maintain a good oral care regimen after the therapy. They should avoid smoking and use of other tobacco products to allow for proper healing and prevent reinfection.
For more information about scaling and root planing and the prevention of periodontal disease, please schedule a consultation with our experts by calling our office at (281)394-9988.